WASHINGTON — The Obama administration is working to forge a
sweeping international climate changeagreement
to compel nations to cut their planet-warming fossil fuel emissions, but
without ratification from Congress.
In preparation for this agreement, to be signed at a United
Nations summit meeting in 2015 in Paris, the negotiators are meeting with
diplomats from other countries to broker a deal to commit some of the world’s
largest economies to enact laws to reduce their carbon pollution. But under the
Constitution, a president may enter into a legally binding treaty only if it is
approved by a two-thirds majority of the Senate.
To sidestep that requirement, President Obama’s climate
negotiators are devising what they call a “politically binding” deal that would
“name and shame” countries into cutting their emissions. The deal is likely to
face strong objections from Republicans on Capitol Hill and from poor countries
around the world, but negotiators say it may be the only realistic path.
“If you want a deal that includes all the major emitters,
including the U.S., you cannot realistically pursue a legally binding treaty at
this time,” said Paul Bledsoe, a top climate change official in the Clinton
administration who works closely with the Obama White House on international
climate change policy.
Lawmakers in both parties on Capitol Hill say there is no
chance that the currently gridlocked Senate will ratify a climate change treaty
in the near future, especially in a political environment where many Republican
lawmakers remain skeptical of the established science of human-caused global
“There’s a strong understanding of the difficulties of the
U.S. situation, and a willingness to work with the U.S. to get out of this
impasse,” said Laurence Tubiana, the Frenchambassador
for climate change to the United Nations. “There is an implicit
understanding that this not require ratification by the Senate.”
American negotiators are instead homing in on a hybrid agreement
— a proposal to blend legally binding conditions from an existing 1992 treaty
with new voluntary pledges. The mix would create a deal that would update the
treaty, and thus, negotiators say, not require a new vote of ratification.
Countries would be legally required to enact domestic
climate change policies — but would voluntarily pledge to specific levels of
emissions cuts and to channel money to poor countries to help them adapt to
climate change. Countries might then be legally obligated to report their
progress toward meeting those pledges at meetings held to identify those
nations that did not meet their cuts.
“There’s some legal and political magic to this,” said Jake
Schmidt, an expert in global climate negotiations with the Natural Resources Defense Council,
an advocacy group. “They’re trying to move this as far as possible without
having to reach the 67-vote threshold” in the Senate.
The strategy comes as scientists warn that the earth is
already experiencing the first signs of human-caused global warming — more
severe drought and stronger wildfires, rising sea levels and more devastating
storms — and the United Nations heads toward what many say is the body’s last
chance to avert more catastrophic results in the coming century.
At the United Nations General Assembly in New York next
month, delegates will gather at a sideline meeting on climate change to try to
make progress toward the deal next year in Paris. A December meeting is planned
in Lima, Peru,
to draft the agreement.
In seeking to go around Congress to push his international
climate change agenda, Mr. Obama is echoing his domestic climate strategy. In
June, he bypassed Congress and used his executive authority to order a
far-reaching regulation forcing American coal-fired power plants to curb their
carbon emissions. That regulation, which would not be final until next year,
already faces legal challenges, including a lawsuit filed on behalf of a dozen
But unilateral action by the world’s largest economy will
not be enough to curb the rise of carbon pollution across the globe. That will
be possible only if the world’s largest economies, including Indiaand China, agree to enact similar cuts.
The Obama administration’s international climate strategy is
likely to infuriate Republican lawmakers who already say the president is
abusing his executive authority by pushing through major policies without
“Unfortunately, this would be just another of many examples
of the Obama administration’s tendency to abide by laws that it likes and to
disregard laws it doesn’t like — and to ignore the elected representatives of
the people when they don’t agree,” Senator Mitch McConnell, the Kentucky
Republican and minority leader, said in a statement.
A deal that would not need to be ratified by the United
States or any other nation is also drawing fire from the world’s poorest
countries. In African and low-lying island nations — places that scientists say
are the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change — officials fear that
any agreement made outside the structure of a traditional United Nations treaty
will not bind rich countries to spend billions of dollars to help developing
nations deal with the forces of climate change.
Poor countries look to rich countries to help build dams and
levees to guard against coastal flooding from rising seas levels, or to provide
food aid during pervasive droughts.
“Without an international agreement that binds us, it’s
impossible for us to address the threats of climate change,” said Richard
Muyungi, a climate negotiator for Tanzania. “We are not as capable as the U.S.
of facing this problem, and historically we don’t have as much responsibility.
What we need is just one thing: Let the U.S. ratify the agreement. If they
ratify the agreement, it will trigger action across the world.”
Observers of United Nations climate negotiations, which have
gone on for more than two decades without achieving a global deal to legally
bind the world’s biggest polluters to carbon cuts, say that if written
carefully such an agreement could be a creative and pragmatic way to at least
level off the world’s rapidly rising levels of greenhouse gas emissions.
About a dozen countries are responsible for nearly 70 percent
of the world’s carbon pollution, chiefly from cars and coal-fired power plants.
At a 2009 climate meeting in Copenhagen, world leaders tried
but failed to forge a new legally binding treaty to supplant the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.
Instead, they agreed only to a series of voluntary pledges to cut carbon
emissions through 2020.
The Obama administration’s climate change negotiators are
desperate to avoid repeating the failure of Kyoto, the United Nations’ first
effort at a legally binding global climate change treaty. Nations around the
world signed on to the deal, which would have required the world’s richest
economies to cut their carbon emissions, but the Senate refused to ratify the
treaty, ensuring that the world’s largest historic carbon polluter was not
bound by the agreement.
Seventeen years later, the Senate obstacle remains. Even
though Democrats currently control the chamber, the Senate has been unable to
reach agreement to ratify relatively noncontroversial United Nations treaties.
In 2012, for example, Republican senators blocked ratification of a United
Nations treaty on equal rights for the disabled, even though the treaty was
modeled after an American law and had been negotiated by a Republican
president, George W. Bush.
This fall, Senate Republicans are poised to pick up more
seats, and possibly to retake control of the chamber. Mr. McConnell, who has
been one of the fiercest opponents of Mr. Obama’s climate change policy, comes
from a coal-heavy state that could be an economic loser in any climate-change
protocol that targets coal-fired power plants, the world’s largest source of
Natural Resources Defense Council
is a trustee at the Natural Resources Defense Council, and was a boardmember for Global
Note:Leo DiCaprio Declares War on Western Industrial
Civilization (PAST RESEARCH)
Foundation to Promote Open Society was a funder for the Natural Resources
Defense Council, the Sundance Institute, Roosevelt Institute,
the International Rescue Committee, Brookings Institution (think
tank), the ClimateWorks Foundation, and the Committee for
was the chairman for the Foundation to Promote Open Society, and married in 2013.
Lagarde attended George Soros’s 2013 wedding reception, and was the finance
minister for France.
Robert Redford is
an honorary board member for Green
is the founder of Green Cross International, an advisory board member for the Wheelchair Foundation, was the
general secretary for the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and the
president of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
Elie Wiesel is an
overseer at the International Rescue Committee, and a messenger of peace
for the UnitedNations.
vanden Heuvel is an overseer at the International Rescue Committee,
and was a U.S. representative for the UnitedNations.
was a director at the International Rescue Committee, is the U.S.
ambassador for the UnitedNations, and married to Cass R.
Cass R. Sunstein
is married to Samantha Power, and a senior fellow at the Brookings
Institution (think tank).
Susan E. Rice was
a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution (think tank), the United
Nations U.S. ambassador for the Barack Obama administration, and is
the White House national security adviser for the Barack Obama
F. McHenry is an honorary trustee at the Brookings Institution (think tank), a governor for the Roosevelt Institute, and was a
U.S. ambassador for the United Nations.
Kauffman was a trustee at the Brookings Institution (think tank), and
a director at the French-American Foundation.
Curley is an honorary chairman for the French-American Foundation,
and was a U.S. ambassador for France.
Howard H. Leach
was a director at the French-American Foundation, a U.S. ambassador for France,
a board member for the Haas School of Business, and a regent at the University
Richard C. Blum a
board member for the Haas School of Business, a regent at the University
of California, married to Senator Dianne Feinstein, and an honorary
trustee at the Brookings Institution (think tank).
E. Spero was an honorary trustee at
the Brookings Institution (think tank), a U.S ambassador for
economic & social affairs for the United Nations, and the president of the Doris Duke
Collomb was a director at the ClimateWorks Foundation, and a director at the French-American
Frawley Bagley was a director at the French-American
Foundation, and an alternate U.S. representative for the United Nations.
Charles E.M. Kolb
is a director at the French-American
Foundation, and the president of the Committee
for Economic Development.
Donna S. Morea
was a trustee at the Committee for
Economic Development, and the EVP for the CGI Group Inc.
CGI Group Inc.
was the Obamacare contractor that
developed Healthcare.gov web site.
Obamacare is Barack Obama’s signature policy
Douglas M. Price
is a trustee at the Committee for
Economic Development, and a director at French-American Foundation.
Chambers was a trustee at the Committee
for Economic Development, and is a special envoy for malaria for the United Nations.
G. Richard Thoman
is a trustee at the Committee for
Economic Development, and a director at the French-American Foundation.
Arthur A. Hartman
is a director at the French-American
Foundation, was a U.S. ambassador for France,
and a U.S. ambassador for the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
was the president for the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), the general secretary for the Communist Party of the Soviet Union,
and is the founder of Green Cross
Turner is an honorary board member for Green Cross International.
Ted Turner is an
honorary board member for Green Cross International, the founder of CNN,
and the co-chairman for the Nuclear Threat Initiative (think tank).
Sadik is a director at the Nuclear Threat Initiative (think tank), and was the under secretary general for the
Owada is a director at the Nuclear Threat Initiative (think tank), and was the Japanese representative for the United Nations.
Jessica Tuchman Mathews is a director
at the Nuclear Threat Initiative (think
tank), the president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
(think tank), a director at the American Friends of Bilderberg
(think tank), was a board member for the International
Crisis Group, and a 2008 Bilderberg conference participant (think
Ed Griffin’s interview with
Norman Dodd in 1982
(The investigation into the
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace uncovered the plans for population
control by involving the United
States in war)
Jon M. Huntsman
Jr. is a a trustee at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
(think tank), and was the China U.S.
ambassador for the Barack Obama administration.
Stapleton Roy is a trustee at the Carnegie Endowment for International
Peace (think tank), and was a U.S. ambassador for China.
A. Otunnu was a trustee at the Carnegie Endowment for International
Peace (think tank), and the under secretary general for the United Nations.
A. Annan is a trustee at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
(think tank), a board member for the International
Crisis Group, Gregory B. Craig was
his lawyer, and the secretary general for the United Nations.
B. Craig was Kofi A. Annan’s lawyer,
a trustee at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (think tank),
and was the White House counsel for the Barack
"Aristotle the Hun" was the name given to me more than 30 years ago when a friend noticed that in spite of my intellect I was still an Iowa farm boy.
Rev. Sam Sewell, is Director of Best Self USA, a Pastoral Psychotherapist, serves on the faculty of Naples Community Hospital as an instructor for Clinical Pastoral Education, President of the Theological Center in Naples, a member of Mensa where he serves as Gifted Youth Coordinator, a U.S. Navy Veteran, and a Member of the Association For Intelligence Officers. He is a frequent commentator on mental health and religious issues.His award winning research on family issues is published in several languages. Member of Sigma Delta Chi Honor Society
WELCOME TO BEST SELF USA - Nationwide Counseling and Life Skills
"Though defensive violence will always be 'a sad necessity' in the eyes of men of principle, it would be still more unfortunate if wrongdoers should dominate just men." - St. Augustine
"A new idea is first condemned as ridiculous, and then dismissed as trivial, until finally it becomes what everybody knows." -
"This is the real task before us: to reassert our commitment as a nation to a law higher than our own, to renew our spiritual strength. Only by building a wall of such spiritual resolve can we, as a free people, hope to protect our own heritage and make it someday the birthright of all men." --Ronald Reagan
A patriot must always be ready to defend his country against his government." -- Edward Abbey
"War is an ugly thing, but not the ugliest of things; the decayed and degraded state of moral and patriotic feeling which thinks nothing worth a war, is worse. A man who has nothing which he cares more about than he does about his personal safety is a miserable creature who has no chance at being free, unless made and kept so by the exertions of better men than himself." John Stuart Mill
"A free people ought not only to be armed and disciplined, but they should have sufficient arms and ammunition to maintain a status of independence from any who might attempt to abuse them, which would include their own government." ~~~George Washington
"I'd rather entrust the government of the United States to the first 400 people listed in the Boston telephone directory than to the faculty of Harvard University." William F. Buckley, Jr.
"Conservatives are enemies of the government. Liberals are enemies of the nation because they are not enemies of the government." Aristotle the Hun
"If we knew what it was we were doing, it would not be called research, would it?" Albert Einstein
"Life is not about waiting for the storms to pass...it's about learning how to dance in the rain." ANON
"That government is best which governs least." Thomas Paine
“A nation that substitutes emotion and empathy for rational thought will eventually digress into the Dark Ages,” Congressman Steve King (R-IA),
INTEGRITY: The highest courage is to dare to be ourself in the face of adversity. Choosing ethics over convenience and truth over popularity means there is never a wrong time to do the right thing.
Of all tyrannies, a tyranny sincerely exercised for the good of its victims may be the most oppressive. It would be better to live under robber barons than under omnipotent moral busybodies.
The robber baron’s cruelty may sometimes sleep, his cupidity may at some point be satiated; but those who torment us for our own good will torment us without end for they do so with the approval of their own conscience.
They may be more likely to go to Heaven for good intentions yet at the same time likelier to make a Hell of earth. This very kindness stings with intolerable insult. To be “cured” against one’s will and cured of states which we may not regard as disease is to be put on a level of those who have not yet reached the age of reason or those who never will; to be classed with infants, imbeciles, and domestic animals.~ C. S. Lewis
"Democracy is two wolves and a lamb voting on what to have for lunch. Liberty is a well-armed lamb contesting the vote." ANON
"Ordinary and Marvelous" and "The Secrets of the Universe"
This blog was started to give people a source of information they can trust. I almost never make the mistake of including scams, false rumors, or poorly researched items. I encourage readers to alert me if they spot an anomaly. It will be quickly corrected.
The search function is in the upper left hand corner. Readers are invited to cut and paste from this blog to your own emails. Each subject title has an embedded link so cut and paste the title and the first few lines. That will direct a person back to this blog.
Below the usual ad and personal profile you will find links to topics located on the right hand side of the page. You may find it easier to select topics of interest to you rather than scrolling all topics as they occur chronologically. (Gee, that's a six syllable word!)
The government is conspiring against the citizens. The citizens have pitchforks, torches, tea bags, tea parties, Grand Juries and the Constitution. The government doesn't stand a chance!
Our other web pages-blogs
The famous Chapter 16 from "I Fired My Doctors" thathas become a "best seller" as a separate publication.
"The stress management chapter alone is worth the price of the book.”
Selwyn Mills, PhD