The historian James Oakes in 1982 notes that, “The evidence is overwhelming that the vast majority of black slaveholders were free men who purchased members of their families or who acted out of benevolence.” After 1810 southern states made it increasingly difficult for any slaveholders to free slaves. Often the purchasers of family members were left with no choice but to maintain, on paper, the owner-slave relationship. In the 1850s “there were increasing efforts to restrict the right to hold bondsmen on the grounds that slaves should be kept ‘as far as possible under the control of white men only.”
In his 1985 statewide study of black slaveholders in South Carolina, Larry Koger challenged the benevolent view. He found that the majority of black slaveholders appeared to hold slaves as a commercial decision. For instance, he noted that in 1850 more than 80% of black slaveholders were of mixed race, but nearly 90% of their slaves were classified as black. He also noted the number of small artisans in Charleston who held slaves to help with their businesses.
Slavery is an evil as old as humanity and has been practiced by all races. So why do modern day blacks blame the entire white race for slavery when all races have participated in slavery and in fact, it was white Americans who stopped slavery? Gee, maybe they have been brainwashed by politicians for political advantage.
So, Black chieftains sold Black slaves to Arabs. Arabs sold those slaves to slave traders. Slavery was a fact of life. Even free Black Americans owned Black slaves. Black Africans and Arabs made slavery possible. White Americans stopped slavery. Where is the gratitude on the part of Blacks toward white abolitionists?
- Work is a virtue with significant value beyond a pay check. The Work Projects Administration; WPA was the largest and most ambitious American New Deal agency, employing millions of unemployed people (mostly unskilled men) to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads. Black workers were well represented in the WPA crews. About 10% of WPA workers were Black which was about the same percentage as the Blacks in the general population
Yourself To Blame by Mayme White Miller
And make you a bit ashamed
Often you will find out that
You have yourself to blame
And then the bad luck came
Why do we fault others?
We have ourselves to blame
Here is what we say
“Had it not been for so-and-so
Things wouldn’t have gone that way.”
I’ll tell you what to do
Make an examination,
You’ll find the faults in you…
So agree with the same
If you travel downward
You have yourself to blame